46th International Symposium FUELS  &  LUBRICANTS
October 16 – 18, 2013. - Valamar Diamant Hotel - Poreč Croatia


The 46th International symposium Fuels and Lubricants was held in Poreč, Croatia, 16 – 18 October 2013, organized by Croatian Society for Fuels and Lubricants (GOMA). The working part of the symposium was carried out in two parallel sections: the Fuels and Lubricants in two conference halls. More than 200 registered participants from 15 countries attended the Symposium.
The symposium was opened by Boris Čavrak, president of GOMA, Neda Marčec Rahelić, president of the Organizing committee and Ivan Krešić, on behalf of INA d.d., a gold sponsor of the Symposium.


Many eminent foreign and domestic experts have held plenary and invited lectures:
Robin Nelson, CONCAWE; Oil refining in the EU in 2020 with the perspective to 2030,
Igor Dekanić, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering; Changes in the European energy markets and consumption of petroleum products,
Goran Šaravanja, INA Petroleum Industry Plc.; The European Refining Sector – A look at some longer-term issues.
Steve D. Howes, Houston Community College, Tandel Systems Comp., USA; Implementing advanced process control for refineries and chemical plants,
Mitjan Kalin, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Laboratory for Tribology and Interface Nanotechnology, Slovenia; Wetting and solid-liquid slip: how they relate to friction.


In the FUEL section 28 lectures have been held classified in three thematic subsections: Technological solutions, optimization and process controlling; Fuel quality and fuel application and Environmental protection and process safety. Also, 22 poster presentations have been shown.

Participants have shown a great interest in all topics, therefore both congress halls were crowded during the conference.

In the LUBRICANTS section 25 lectures have been held classified in four thematic subsections:
Trends, classifications and lubricants market situation; Testing and development of additives and base oils; Testing, development and application of lubricants; Green technologies - testing, development, application, waste management. And 6 poster presentations have been shown.

The debate under the title Impact of "green" technology on the production, application and market of fuels and lubricants – state of the art and predictions was held in the Conference, to which three presentations preceded:
Klaas de Haan, CONCAWE; Impact of environmental legislation on the EU refining sector,
Vesna Kučan Polak, Marko Mužic, Slavica Rukavina; INA Petroleum Industry Plc.; Next generation of biofuels – challenges and opportunities,
Zorica Davidović, BARGOS LOA, Serbia and Novak Damjanović, NIS, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Advantages and limitations of the application of "green solutions" in the treatment of waste emulsions and oily water from industry,
followed by a constructive discussion where upon the following general conclusions have been adopted:
1. Since 1st July 2013, as a full member of the EU Croatia has taken all legal obligations arising from it, including those related to the oil industry, primarily norms and regulations on the requirements regarding quality of fuels and lubricants and environmental protection during their production and use.
2. Croatian society for fuels and lubricants – GOMA, before and during the EU accession process, monitored and indicated and professionally acted on the gradual implementation of legislation in the field of oil industry Also, GOMA through the activity of its professionals in symposia, conferences, gatherings, etc. indicates the directions of development that need to be implemented in order to achieve the goals of environmental protection in the oil economy.
3. The introduction of strict legislative framework of the EU in the Croatian oil economy and legal system will not cease the activity of GOMA and its members in the field of fuel and lubricants. Now it will be work including all the rights and responsibilities of the member states. This refers to the "classic" fuels and lubricants as well as those from renewable sources.
4. GOMA supports programs for monitoring and reporting of the quality of fuels and lubricants, and methods for monitoring and verifying emissions of greenhouse gases during the lifetime of liquid fuels released on the market of the Republic of Croatia, as well as the management and safe disposal of used oils and lubricants. Also, GOMA will continue to actively participate in all aspects of consumers education aimed at proper use of fuels and lubricants.

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